What is Tendonitis?
Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon, which is a tissue connecting muscle to bone.
What Causes Tendonitis? Improper stretching, warmup, or cool down while one exercises or plays sports can increase the chance of developing tendonitis.
Tendonitis is most often caused by repetitive movements placing strain on the tendon or from a sudden more serious injury causing a tear in the tendon.
Common Locations of Tendonitis
While tendonitis can occur in any of your body’s tendons, it’s most common around your shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and achilles.
Some common names for various tendonitis problems are:
- Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis): inflammation of the tendon connecting the fore arm muscle to the elbow on the outer side.
- Golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis): inflammation of the tendon connecting the fore arm muscle to the elbow on the inner side.
- Swimmer’s shoulder (impingement syndrome): shoulder pain caused by the tendon rubbing over the shoulder blade.
- Jumper’s knee (patellar tendonitis): inflammation/injury to the tendon connecting the kneecap to the shinbone.
What Are the Symptoms of Tendonitis?
- Pain at the site of the tendon and surrounding area. Pain may start off as a dull ache, but can build up to a constant throb and radiate to other areas.
- Reduced range of motion and/or strength in a particular body part or muscle group.
- Swelling due to the inflammation.
If tendonitis is severe and leads to the rupture of a tendon, you may need surgical repair. But most cases of tendinitis can be successfully treated with rest, ice, compression, elevation, medications, and physical therapy to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation.
Physical Therapy can be helpful in identifying the source of the tendonitis. Physical therapists can also teach gentle stretches to help relax the muscle, body mechanics techniques, proper positioning, help adapt or modify work environments to make them ergonomically correct, recommend appropriate bracing if needed, maintain strength & tone in surrounding muscle, and help with pain reduction & management.
Our physical therapy services at Cornerstone Physical Therapy health and Wellness Center can help you with your tendonitis conditions.